Archives for posts with tag: Capitalism

A crise do sistema capitalista que estamos a viver e que continua em desenvolvimento tem dado lugar a uma intensa propaganda e criatividade de linguagem para desviar o pensamento das massas das verdadeiras causas da crise e fazê-las aceitar as falsas respostas.

A tese de que a crise teve origem na cupidez, na ganância, na ambição desmedida de alguns, e que hoje, sobretudo na Europa, ela é a consequência da dívida pública, continua a fazer o seu caminho.

É certo que houve especulação e complacência dos Bancos Centrais, que a crise rebentou em Agosto de 2007 e que começou no sector da habitação, que tomou proporções inesperadas para muitos e que a «inovação financeira» aumentou do «ponto de vista agregado o risco na economia, colocando o sistema à beira do colapso». Mas a crise não resultou da ganância de alguns, nem da falta de regulação do sistema bancário, nem do «crescimento excessivo do endividamento», que alguns consideram o exemplo mais recente e um dos mais notáveis do capitalismo na «dinâmica de expansão e contracção das economias. (1) Tudo isto se verificou. Mas são apenas as aparências casuais, os epifenómenos. Também não estamos perante «uma crise excepcional» (2), mas sim perante uma crise cíclica do capitalismo com características novas e específicas, agravada por novas situações – liberdade de circulação de capitais, deslocalizações, crescente peso das actividades financeiras e do «capital fictício», parasitário, especulativo, num quadro de domínio da ideologia neoliberal.

The aggressive escalade against Syria is unstoppable. Imperialism is bet in demolishing the Syrian regime, by all means, and hastily. The North-American secretary of state’s visit to Turkey, last week-end, clearly inserts this purpose. Hillary Clinton flies unto Istanbul in aid of the “ELS” mercenaries quartered in Aleppo, trying at all cost, to avoid their defeat by the Republic Army.

The USA estimated that , as in Libya – currently emerged in an indescribably chaos – Bashar al – Assad’s government replacement by leaders at their service would be a dead certainty. Serious obstacles, which are currently confronting the UN‘ s operational activity, would never be found, namely from Russia and China. And together with great far-reaching terrorist operations the internal situation would become destabilized and would hastily open up the way to over throw the Syrian regime. But they were wrong. And as they do not want to draw back their haughty cavalcade towards Iran and for the economic and geo-strategic region control, they totally through off the mask and assume with the greatest impudence the direct interference in Syria’s internal matters.

The greatest worry is the imperialist aggression triviality together with the complete tearing off of any behaviour code within international relations. It is horrifying the ease with which most of the media announce Obama has given CIA the go-ahead for “ secret operations” within Syria; that Hillary Clinton went to Turkey to coordinate with Erdogan and the mercenaries the aggression towards a sovereign country and proclaim the possibility of establishing, as in Libya, an “ aerial exclusive zone”; and in Turkey, training camps, military bases and mercenaries infiltration corridors are installed, as within Jordan; the participation, both in currency and weapons of all types coming from Saudi Arabia and Qatar – “ Doha has played an essential role in Kaddafi’s overthrow in Libya, wanting to achieve political influence in Tunisia and is currently interested in the Syrian regime change”, in Expresso, 12.08.11. Notwithstanding, the Israel Zionists threats ( who since 1967 have occupied the Golan Syrian territory) or Mitt Romney ‘s, the presidential republican candidate fascist statements, during his recent visit to Israel.

What makes imperialism and reaction run, to the point of risking a failure of great dimension, all the more the situation in Iraq and Afghanistan is far from being under control? No doubt, the capitalist crisis out there, is far from ending. The escalade is inseparable from the recession to which the most powerful capitalist economies cannot answer. And it does not only concern the “gold crisis” or the extending to Spain and Italy of the so-called “bailout programs”. It also concerns Germany, hit by recession ( and struggling tooth and nails in order to defend the privileges on which stands its “economic prosperity”, and the USA, that many have diagnosed serious turbulence to take place at the end of the year. And it all mainly concerns the decision coming from the international capitalism strategic centres, starting by the IMF, OECD, EU / ECB, of not giving up policies which are imposing workers a brutal draw back in their life and work conditions. At the same time the announcing of Hillary Clinton’s visit to Turkey, Mario Draghi, the ECB president, insisted in reducing salaries and “ structural reforms” acceleration, which essence consists in attacking labour and union rights, state social functions’ dismantlement and the entrepreneur public sector privatization, which is occurring in Portugal.

Before the growing difficulties and contradictions and the perspective of the intensifying of popular struggles, the Middle East and Central Asia aggressive escalade abjectly operates , as a gigantic and criminal diversion operation. It is necessary to unmask and fight it.

Read this (in Portuguese)

(…)Entretanto, não mudou a essência do sistema capitalista, as suas contradições, os antagonismos de classe que o caracterizam e que o condenam a prazo. A crise profunda do processo de integração europeia é expressão viva da crise do próprio sistema.

Como nos idos anos 20, comentadores de serviço e políticos de turno ocupam-se das causas do «declínio da Europa», apontam causas e soluções para a crise. Invariavelmente, o reforço da integração capitalista surge como caminho a seguir.

Como nos anos 20, um «furúnculo fétido» apodrece e corre o risco de rebentar. Extirpá-lo o quanto antes é a tarefa inadiável com que os povos da Europa se confrontam.

The type and quality of work are important determinants of the long-term labour market prospects of young people. In this regard, it is worrying to note that around the world, many youth are trapped in low-productivity, temporary or other types of work that fall short of their aspirations and that often do not open opportunities to move to more permanent, higherproductivity and better-paid positions. Young people often go through a transition period, during which work, study, travel and other activities complement each other. although such a transition period by itself is no reason for concern, there are signs that youth in developed economies are increasingly trapped in non-standard jobs and the transition to decent work continues to be postponed. The growth of temporary employment and part-time work in the past decade, in particular since the global economic crisis, suggests that this work is increasingly taken up because it is the only option available

http://static.publico.pt/docs/economia/trabalhojovem2012.pdf

The global youth unemployment rate has proved sticky, and remained close to its crisis peak. at 12.6 per cent in 2011 and projected at 12.7 per cent in 2012, the global youth unemployment rate remains at least a full percentage point above its level in 2007. nearly 75 million youth are unemployed around the world, an increase of more than 4 million since 2007.

 

The working day is becoming bigger and bigger and the workers’ income are shrinking every year, every month. Big corporations and the banking system gain with our poverty.

Horários de trabalho superiores a 41 horas semanais estão a crescer 

De facto, esta multa é uma «gota de água» numa empresa que, para além de fugir ao pagamento de impostos em Portugal deslocalizando a sua sede para a Holanda, aumentou os seus lucros no primeiro semestre de 2012, obtendo cerca de 152 milhões de euros.

Lucros concretizados à custa dos parcos rendimentos dos portugueses e da exploração dos seus trabalhadores, violando acordos colectivos de trabalho e procurando pôr em causa a prática de há muitos anos de fecho das superfícies comerciais no feriado, dia do Trabalhador.

Veja-se o contraste que representam os critérios aplicados. A um trabalhador que tenha uma dívida pode-lhe ser retido até 33% do seu salário, baixando até ao nível do Salário Mínimo Nacional, enquanto esta multa representa para o grupo Jerónimo Martins um corte de menos de 0,02% dos lucros obtidos apenas no primeiro semestre deste ano.

Posição do PCP sobre o significado da reduzida multa aplicada ao grupo Jerónimo Martins/Pingo Doce